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Make an Ant Farm 

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Make an Ant Farm 

Written By: Nathan 


bucket (1) 
garden shovel (1) 


A large bottle or a small aquarium and 
a smaller bottle or container to fit inside 
the first one (1) 

allowina about 1 " of space between the 
two containers. Both containers need 
secure, tiaht-fittina lids. 

qarden soil (1) 

funnel or paper cone (1) 

construction paper and scotch tape (1) 

cotton ball (1) 

honey (1) 

ants m 
(preferably larqe black ants from your 
yard as smaller species are difficult to 


Make an ant farm and give your child a no-cost educational pet. A fun way to teach 
entomology and how an ecosystem works. It can also be addictive as you watch the the ants 

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Make an Ant Farm 

going about the business of building a new home. 

Step 1 — Make an Ant Farm 

• Place the smaller glass container 
that you have chosen inside the 
larger container. The purpose of 
the smaller container is purely to 
take up space and to encourage 
the ants to build their tunnels 
against the outside glass for easy 

Step 2 

• Locate an ant colony in your yard 
and dig carefully in the area where 
you see the most ants. Transfer 
some soft soil, with the ants, into a 
bucket. Try to find some larger 
ants or a queen ant with wings, 
along with eggs and larvae. 

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Page 2 of 4 

Make an Ant Farm 

Step 3 

• 3. Using a paper cone or funnel, 
gently add soil and the smaller 
worker ants to the space between 
the two containers. Add the queen, 
eggs and larvae last, sliding them 
gently down the funnel to rest on 
the soil. The worker ants will 
quickly begin to relocate their 
queen and her offspring in their 
new home. 

Step 4 


• CAUTION: Some ants bite, 
so keep your child away 
from exposure to the ants while 
you work. Ants will climb even 
glass walls, so you'll need to 
securely cap your container. Punch 
air holes in the lid of the larger 
container, but make the hole 
openings too small to allow ants to 

Step 5 

• Once you have the ants in place, put the lid on the container. Make a paper sleeve, 
covering the container from the bottom to the top of the soil. This darkens the ant farm and 
recreates an underground environment. Your ants will begin working immediately. 

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Page 3 of 4 

Make an Ant Farm 

Step 6 

• Ants appreciate a drop of honey, 
some sugar, or bread dipped in 
sugar water, and tiny bits of fruit or 
vegetables. Very, very small 
amounts will do; you don't want the 
food going mouldy in the bottle. 
Ants get water mainly from their 
food; however, every couple of 
days you can add a cottonball 
soaked in water to supplement the 
supply. Be careful not to knock the 
bottle over or shake it up; this will 
destroy the new ant farm. 

Step 7 

• To view your ant farm, remove the 
paper sleeve. Make notes about 
the ants' progress each day. This 
would make a neat science project 
if your child is studying 
entomology, nature, or 

st generated on 2012-11-03 12:47:09 AM. 

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